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Upper East Side, 1983. (1st Ave near 83rd St)

spaceplasma: To Boldly Go Where No Man Has Gone Before

Whether and when NASA’s Voyager 1 spacecraft, humankind’s most distant object, broke through to interstellar space, the space between stars, has been a thorny issue. For the last year, claims have surfaced every few months that Voyager 1 has “left our solar system”.
Voyager 1 is exploring an even more unfamiliar place than our Earth’s sea floors — a place more than 11 billion miles (17 billion kilometers) away from our sun. It has been sending back so much unexpected data that the science team has been grappling with the question of how to explain all the information. None of the handful of models the Voyager team uses as blueprints have accounted for the observations about the transition between our heliosphere and the interstellar medium in detail. The team has known it might take months, or longer, to understand the data fully and draw their conclusions.
Since the 1960s, most scientists have defined our solar system as going out to the Oort Cloud, where the comets that swing by our sun on long timescales originate. That area is where the gravity of other stars begins to dominate that of the sun. It will take about 300 years for Voyager 1 to reach the inner edge of the Oort Cloud and possibly about 30,000 years to fly beyond it. Informally, of course, “solar system” typically means the planetary neighborhood around our sun. Because of this ambiguity, the Voyager team has lately favored talking about interstellar space, which is specifically the space between each star’s realm of plasma influence.
Voyager 1, which is working with a finite power supply, has enough electrical power to keep operating the fields and particles science instruments through at least 2020, which will mark 43 years of continual operation. At that point, mission managers will have to start turning off these instruments one by one to conserve power, with the last one turning off around 2025.
The spacecraft will continue sending engineering data for a few more years after the last science instrument is turned off, but after that it will be sailing on as a silent ambassador. In about 40,000 years, it will be closer to the star AC +79 3888 than our own sun. (AC +79 3888 is traveling toward us faster than we are traveling towards it, so while Alpha Centauri is the next closest star now, it won’t be in 40,000 years.) And for the rest of time, Voyager 1 will continue orbiting around the heart of the Milky Way galaxy, with our sun but a tiny point of light among many.

For more information about Voyager, visit: http://www.nasa.gov/voyager and http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov.

Good Vibes HERE

The “Wee” Whisky Shop, Scotland.

Eugene’s Pub. County Clare, Ireland.

codysimpson: young hollywood awards




This nigga just copped a super Mario star he invincible af nah but forreal tho somebody explain this

Metallic silver coating, does rainbow effect thing when passing lights

thank you car side of tumblr

that is THE most ostentatious shit ever but I still feel like I need it immensely


impossible shadows
inspired by a photo shared by weissesracuhscen (apparently by jegeor)


Study Finds More Than 100 Spots In The Human Genome Linked To Schizophrenia

Researchers have uncovered more than 100 genetic markers linked to developing schizophrenia – and it turns out that most of us have between 20 to 30 of them.
A sizable collaboration of researchers from around the world conducted the largest genomic mapping of any neuropsychiatric disorder to date, which included deciphering the genetic codes of more than 80,000 people. The research team identified 108 genetic markers underlying risk of developing schizophrenia, 83 of which had never been identified before.
More people are afflicted with schizophrenia than you may think – about one in every 100 of us. For sufferers of this mysterious disorder, the line between real and unreal is blurry or nonexistent. Some hear voices. Others believe they are being controlled by some powerful entity, often the government or aliens. For many, the disorder makes fitting into typical social situations nearly impossible.
The cost of treating schizophrenia is substantial–estimated at over $60 billion annually in the U.S. alone–and even the most advanced medications only treat symptoms of the disorder, not root causes.
Each of the 108 genetic markers exerts a weak effect, the researchers report, but collectively they are potent. Most of the study participants had at least 20-30 of the markers, indicating a surprisingly commonplace prevalence in the world population.
The new research findings open doors to targeted treatments for causes of schizophrenia, a possibility out of reach until now.
“The fact that we were able to detect genetic risk factors on this massive scale shows that  schizophrenia can be tackled by the same approaches that have already transformed our understanding of other diseases,” said the paper’s senior author Michael O’Donovan, deputy director of the MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics at Cardiff University School of Medicine. “The wealth of new findings have the potential to kick-start the development of new treatments in schizophrenia, a process which has stalled for the last 60 years.”
A small but important subset of the genetic markers are active in the immune system, suggesting that autoimmune diseases may share a common link with schizophrenia. The link has been speculated for many years, but only now substantiated with solid genetic evidence.
The work was done by members the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC), a collaboration of more than 80 institutions. The group is planning to expand the research to an even larger sample of the population from around the world.
The study was published in the journal Nature.

This is my Tumblr Ball. I’ve made this one year ago due of my love for Tumblr.Yeah, Tumblr is really awesome =)


The Ring House & Atelier by MZ Architects

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Check it out…Model Behavior 
Links to All My Blogs 


The children of Gaza I Jon Snow Report


The Sony A7S is looking really, really good.


Respect yourself enough to walk away from anything that no longer serves you, grows you, or makes you happy.

(via amarfoto)

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This Crazy World We Call Tumblr. A Dannyboi2 Blog


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